What Is Electrical Engineering and Why Is It Important

The ability to design and organize electrical systems involves significant training and expertise. To achieve this high-paying career, individuals must study electrical engineering. Find out more about this highly skilled profession and the requirements for professionals. Read about articles and career details for these professionals. Plus, find out what sort of salary comes with this job.

What is Electrical Engineering?

You probably think about electricity as the lights in your house or the thing that powers your television. In reality, everything from a light switch to entire solar farms requires a detailed, skilled understanding of electricity and networking the power to specific sources. There are numerous requirements for an electrical engineering career that yields helpful articles and an excellent salary.

Electrical engineering is the study, construction, and testing of electrical systems within several industries and applications. Depending on the location of a job, electrical engineers head to various sites to set up everything from control systems to microprocessing plants to provide businesses and buildings with the necessary electrical capabilities. A career in this branch of engineering comes with a rigorous training program that yields an excellent salary.

There are many requirements to become an electrical engineer. The work is not only sometimes dangerous but highly technical. For these reasons and more, it’s not a career path for everyone. Even if you don’t work in the field, learning these concepts is very useful. Even a little background in electrical engineering can provide you the requirements to fix small problems around the house. Let’s explore whether or not electrical engineering is for you. 


For an electrical engineer, the position poses various elements you must fulfill. Firstly, almost every area in this field of work requires at least a bachelor’s degree. With numerous concepts in electricity, engineering, and systems science to learn, these programs are quite intensive. For graduated students and prospective career professionals, a master’s degree exists as a recommendation for many jobs, if not a requirement. From here, most engineers take an internship before earning a full-time job.

The numerous steps to becoming an electrical engineer aren’t just for fun. The work completed in this field is essential to the safety of buildings and workers. Without proper electrical setups, offices, machines, and equipment can pose hazards to others. Not to mention, there are requirements for rigorous testing in an electrical engineering career. This process is to avoid any issues down the road that could harm people or property.

Like other forms of engineering, this branch includes the ability to put together designs and plans for construction projects. Unlike civil engineering or materials engineering, this career strictly works with electrical systems. Other engineering branches may also work on the overall project, but all electrical considerations rest solely with this profession.

Average Salary for Electrical Engineering

The many requirements for an electrical engineering career to pay off in terms of a high salary. Many applied sciences jobs pay well, but electrical engineering outperforms some of its counterparts in salary expectations. In many areas of work, an electrical engineer can make upwards of $104,000 on average. That’s almost double what some professions average in terms of annual income. If you want to receive significant pay, then this is a career to consider.

For a lot of jobs, the salary determines what sort of preparedness comes with the position. As an example, doctors make great money but attend upwards of 8-10 years of school. For electrical engineers, the highest jobs usually go to those who hold a master’s degree. A Ph. D. in electrical engineering can also yield high paychecks, but many doctoral students go on to teach in universities or colleges. These applied positions usually only require a master’s degree to earn top dollars.

The top 10% of earners make upwards of $155,000 in the industry. These paychecks sound huge because that’s nearly three times the average of many office jobs. The schooling and education for engineers are intense but yields more compensation than most jobs. As you can read in electrical engineering articles, these jobs are technical and require keen attention to detail. Let’s explore more about careers in this industry.

Career Opportunities in Electrical Engineering

If the jobs in this field involve electricity, then what sort of career opportunities exist in electrical engineering? One essential clarification is that electrical engineering is not the same as working as an electrician. If you call someone to help fix your lights at home, then you are not getting someone who is an electrical engineer. The critical difference in career opportunities is that engineering experts work closely with large scale electrical systems and test these networks.

A significant area of growth for this field is in solar energy. Solar farms and paneling can require the testing and construction of thousands of panels each day. It’s much more complicated to set these systems up than simply placing panels on the roof. Electrical engineering articles detail the process more thoroughly, but the process involves a lot of wiring and testing. Tests help determine if connections work correctly, and some electrical careers exist solely of trying out links.

Other careers in this field include things like playing a role in construction projects. If a new building is under construction, then an electrical engineer maps out what system or network is necessary. There are several variables, including the electrical needs of rooms as well as the utility of the electricity itself. Planning and design can take upwards of a year, leading some projects to take up an electrical engineer’s time in a significant way.

Articles and Books to Consider

Academic journals and associations publish numerous articles on electrical engineering each year. The field is full of excellent research that helps readers learn more about the topic. Other topics in academia might publish theoretical work, but this field involves many application-based projects. The findings in these research projects help to make the job safer, more comfortable, and more productive.

Things like AI and technological advances in cloud equipment pose significant changes to the field. There are a lot of elements to the job undergoing alterations as more jobs exist remotely. For example, some research topics include the possibility of electrical engineers working from a lab on projects hundreds of miles away. Once establishing the network, testing occurs from separate locations to reduce on-site work. The process isn’t fully adopted yet; testing is still primarily completed on site.

The topics emerging in this subject keep professionals and academics reading new ideas and innovations every year. There are a lot of changes required to keep up with technology, and professionals often join societies to help keep up with new devices and theories. The job is one that always undergoes significant growth and development.

Electrical Engineering FAQ

Curious to develop your understanding of electrical engineers and their work further? Explore these readings on different hot topics and questions about the subject.

What exactly does an electrical engineer do?

Electrical engineers do several elements of construction, development, and design in the world of electronic machines and equipment. This branch of engineering is newer than others and increasing in the wake of increasingly digital technology. These professionals work with electronics and electromagnetism to assist several industries across the construction and business world.

Is Electrical Engineering a good career?

Electrical engineering is an excellent career because of the salary and ease of finding work. Nearly every major engineering project requires some electrical role to be on site for guidance and construction. These jobs require training and education meant for electrical experts only. That reality makes this career quite lucrative and easy to maintain.

Is Electrical Engineering hard?

Electrical engineering involves a detailed knowledge of electrical systems and networks, making it a challenging field of work. The act of working as an electrical expert usually requires intensive training and likely some college education. The work can be quite dangerous as well, but knowledgable professionals work with caution to avoid issues.

Do electrical engineers get jobs?

Electrical engineers find jobs easily because the work exists for those with adequate education and training. If someone desires a role in this field, then they have to go through some program or degree sequence to learn the processes of electrical networks and wiring. For this reason, jobs are easy to obtain and pay quite well.


If the requirements of this career interest you, then consider this profession for your future. If you are currently in college, then research programs in which you could enroll. For those not yet in college or who have a career, there’s no harm in learning more in your free time. Even if you can’t change jobs today or tomorrow, your future could change if you begin researching these topics on your own. Hard work pays off, especially in a field like this.

There are several ways to explore this subject from home or in your free time. Firstly, electrical engineering articles help expose you to ideas and theories you need to know for the job. Reading articles from academic journals or publications can teach you the essential skills and concepts of the field of work. From there, books and online courses can help you to gain the information needed to pursue this career in your professional life.

Dave4Math provides you with the resources needed to explore any topic that interests you. From this field to other areas of the sciences and humanities, it’s all here for you to read and study. All Dave4Math content is free to use. Plus, discuss readings and topics with others to increase your understanding of new passions and projects. Your professional and personal growth starts here at Dave4Math.

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David A. Smith at Dave4Math

David Smith (Dave) has a B.S. and M.S. in Mathematics and has enjoyed teaching precalculus, calculus, linear algebra, and number theory at both the junior college and university levels for over 20 years. David is the founder and CEO of Dave4Math.